Basic Vocal Lessons
Voice control is necessary for vocal projection in speaking and singing. A steady voice that can sing in tune is an admired and desired characteristic. You can use several techniques to develop a stronger voice and produce quality tones at correct pitches. Voice teachers can be found in school systems or online, but you can give yourself some basic vocal lessons.
• Diaphragmatic breathing promotes breath control. Stand or sit up straight and breathe in as deeply as you can. Breathe out as slowly as you can. Repeat this process three times, and do it many times throughout the day. Breathe deeply. As you exhale slowly, sing one note. Try not to waver away from that pitch. Vary the exercise by singing softly, increasing the volume to a loud tone and then decreasing the tone back to a soft volume — the musical terms for this are crescendo and diminuendo — bearing in mind that you want to make the exhale last as long as possible and that you need to maintain the pitch.
• Learn the pitches in major scales. Sing the “doe-a-deer” song to yourself in different keys. You can do this by playing a note on a pitch pipe, keyboard or any other instrument that has incremental tones, singing the root note, and then singing the scale from that note. Play the next note higher on your pitch pipe, and sing the scale that starts with that note. Repeat until you have reached the end of your range. Then go backwards, singing major scales until you have reached your lowest register. Over time you will expand your range.
• Learn how different types of scales and chords sound. For example, learn that the minor chords flatten the third note of the scale, creating a technical difference between major and minor chords. Listen for the difference. Sing along to a song that you would like to learn. Pause the song after a line and sing it back alone. Listen for variances between your rendition and the singer’s. If you have recording equipment, record this procedure and listen for strength of voice, tonal quality, expression, and breath control.
Fitness and Posture
• Always stand and sit up straight when you are going to project your voice. This gives your lungs a greater capacity to breathe deeply and control your breath. Tone your abdominal muscles to ensure better posture. Yoga and stamina exercises can also help you to develop a strong voice.